Need of Drip Irrigation
Irrigation is a very common word among farmers but only a few farmers know effective irrigation techniques. There are a lot of awareness programs that have been running by the government and private organizations in rural areas. However, farmers are reluctant to assimilate drip irrigation technology in their farming because of the initial cost, unpopularity, and knowledge.
India accesses 4% of the world’s water resources which is used by 1.3 billion Indians. And our farmer uses 90% of all the groundwater available in Irrigation. Water resources are decreasing and the population of India is increasing day by day. One-third of the world’s population will face absolution scarcity of water by the year 2025 according to IWMI. India is also using 2-3 times more water in irrigation compared to the USA and China. Where water is available in abundance, wastage of water reaches 5 times the required water in the irrigation process. According to farmer’s psychology, if they use more water in irrigation they will have more production. And in this process, a farmer usually runs a water motor for 8-10 hours a day for flowing water in the farmland. It leads to wastage of water, electricity, and wastages of non-renewable energy sources, also.
The severity of water scarcity can be understood from the current condition of Maharastra. In Maharastra, nearly 5000 villages and 11000 hamlets are solely dependent on water tankers. The same situation can be seen in other states also and some states are heading to water scarcity if the wastage of water goes like this in the irrigation process. It’s the responsibility of the government as well as farmers to conserve water to avoid the consequences of improper water management in the future.
In brief, Drip Irrigation is an artificial application of water to the land to fulfill the requirement of the crops throughout the crop period for the full nourishment of the crops. One can understand the need for the drip irrigation process if we see its advantages. It prevents the loss of water where water availability is a major concern. Drip Irrigation is an essential solution for the agricultural industry. It can increase agricultural production by as much as 50% using only 10% of the water that farmers currently use. At the same time, drip irrigation also limits topsoil erosion, pest infestation, and evaporation from the land’s surface.
It delivers water and nutrition directly to the plant’s root zone, in the right amount at the right time, so each plant gets exactly what it needs when it needs to grow optimally. Drip irrigation creates healthier growing conditions and higher yields while saving time and money for farmers. Drip irrigation also improves fertilizer’s application efficiency and leaching of nutrients is prevented. Drip irrigation is one of the more advanced techniques being used today because for certain crops it is much more efficient than traditional spray irrigation where a large portion of the water is lost to evaporation.
The cost of installation of drip irrigation is also economically good for medium and large-scale farming. In Drip Irrigation, water uses are reduced to 1/5th of the normal irrigation process and the quality and quantity of production are much better than conventional irrigation. Karnataka government is working on the world’s biggest drip irrigation project to help 60000 acres of drought farmland.
With the aim of “Per Drop More Crop”, we are working to launch an efficient Drip Irrigation. To save the planet together and to maintain the ecology, Drip Irrigation is one of the modern farming techniques which needs to be used by each farmer irrespective of the availability of water.